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高考單項選擇題中過去分詞作狀語考題探究與訓練

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高考單項選擇題中過去分詞作狀語考題探究與訓練  

   

過去分詞作狀語的用法是高考英語單項選擇題的命題熱點之一,也是許多考生的丟分點之一。請看近幾年來的考題:

【考題探究】  

           an important role in a new movie,Andy has a chance to become famous. 2011·四川)

A.Offer     B.Offering    C.Offered     D.To offer

【解析】由句子結構分析,此處應為過去分詞短語原因狀語,相當于狀語從句As she is offered an important role in a new movie,Andy has a chance to become famous.又因為主語Andy 與分詞之間是被動關系,故選C。

2. ______ into English, the sentence was found to have an entirely different word order. 2011·天津)A. Translating    B. Translated    C. To translate     D. Having translated

【解析】由句子結構分析,此處應為過去分詞短語時間狀語,相當于狀語從句When it was translated into English , the sentence was found to have an entirely different word order. 又因為主語 the sentence 與分詞之間是被動關系,故答案應選B。

3._____ from the top of the tower, the south foot of the mountain is a sea of trees .2010陜西)  

   A. Seen    B. Seeing C. Having seen     D. To see

【解析】由句子結構分析,此處應為現在分詞短語時間狀語,相當于狀語從句When it is seen from the top of the tower, the south foot of the mountain is a sea of trees .又因為主語the south foot與分詞之間是被動關系,故選A。

4.Though_________to see us,  the professor gave us a warm welcome. 2010全國Ⅱ)

A. surprising     B. as surprised    C. surprised    D being surprised

【解析】本題考查省略結構和非謂語動詞考查。補完整為:Though he was surprised,主語一致,省略主語和系動詞,即:分詞在此讓步狀語。故答案是C。

5. ________(油漆成)red, the building stands out among the rest and looks very attractive. 2010湖北)

【解析】本題考查分詞方式狀語。動詞paint與主語the building之間是被動關系,故應填寫painted。

【用法歸納】從對上述幾道高考題的分析來看,過去分詞作狀語時的用法有:

1)一般在句中作時間、原因、結果、條件、讓步、方式、伴隨狀語等;

2 過去分詞作狀語,其邏輯主語通常要與主句一致;

3 過去分詞充當狀語時,其前可加once, though, unless 等連詞, 此時相當于一個含有被動語態的狀語從句。

  注意:過去分詞只有一種形式。

【解題方法】 遇到這類題,首先要判斷備選項中的非謂語動詞與主語之間是否是被動關系;再次分析分詞的邏輯主語是否與句子的主語一致:最后看將分詞或分詞短語是否能還原成表示時間、原因、結果、條件、讓步、方式、伴隨狀語等從句。主從句句意是否連貫;需要特別提醒地是:如果分詞備選項中有having been done not having been done等,那一定還要觀察分詞短語中是否有for five years , already, yet 或者主句中有then 等提示詞語,如果有,那就說明這里需用現在分詞完成式的被動式,而不是過去分詞,因為過去分詞只有一種形式。

【解題引路】請看下列各題的解題思路與分析過程:

1.___ twice, the postman refused to deliver our letters unless we chained our dog. (09北京)

  A. Being bitten B. Bitten  C. Having bitten D. To be bitten    

【解析】分詞bitten與主語the postman之間是被動,分詞bitten的邏輯主語與the postman一致,本句可以還原成As he was bitten by our dog twice , the postman refused to deliver our letters unless we chained our dog.另外,依據twice一詞說明分詞的動作已經發生。故本題答案是A。  

2.   not to miss the flight at 15:20, the manager set out for the airport in a hurry. (09福建)  

A. Reminding  B. Reminded   C. To remind   D. Having reminded  

【解析】非謂語動詞做狀語,邏輯主語是句子的主語the manager,非謂語動詞與句子主語是被動關系,且其表示的動作在謂語動詞set out之前已經發生,非謂語動詞用過去分詞,本句可以還原成時間狀語從句When he was reminded not to miss the flight at 15:20, the manager set out for the airport in a hurry。故選B。  

3. ______ the right kind of training , these teenage soccer players may one day grew the international stars. (09江西) A. Giving   B. Having given C. To give D. Given 

【解析】如果把句子補充完整就不難看出:If they are given the right kind of training , 可知主語they these teenager soccer playersgive 之間是被動的關系,所以用過去分詞。根據主、從句主語一致可省略從句主語的原則,連詞if 也可省,所以得出given the right kind of training , these teenager soccer players……。故本題選D 。

4.A small plane crashed into a hillside five miles east of the city, _____all four people on board. (09上海)  A. killed B. killing C. kills D. to kill 

【解析】如果把句子補充完整就不難看出:A small plane crashed into a hillside five miles east of the city, so that it killed all four people on board結果狀語從句可知主語A small planekill之間是主動關系,所以這里要用現在分詞的一般式,故選B。  

5.________ many times, he finally understood it. (09四川)

 A. Told   B. Telling C. Having told D. Having been told    

【解析】tell與句子主語he之間是被動關系,但分詞短語中含有many times說明tell的動作發生在句子謂語動詞understood之前,所以要用現在分詞完成式的被動式,故選D。   

6._____ by the advances in technology, many farmers have set up wind farms on their land. (09天津)A. Being encouraged  B. Encouraging C. Encouraged  D. Having encouraged

【解析】根據分詞后的短語by the advances in technology可知分詞與句子主語many farmers之間是被動關系,另外本句可以還原成原因狀語從句Since they were encouraged many times, many farmers have set up wind farms on their land成立,故選C。  

7._______and short of breath, Andy and Ruby were the first to reach the top of   Mount   Tai  . (09浙江)A. To tire  B. Tired     C. Tiring     D. Being tired

【解析】備選項中的動詞tire與句子主語Andy and Ruby之間是被動關系,另外本句可以還原成讓步狀語從句While they were tired and short of breath, Andy and Ruby were the first to reach the top of  Mount  Tai成立,故選B。  

8.Michael’s new house is like a huge palace, ______with his old one. (09重慶)

   A. comparing    B. compares C. to compare   D. compared    

【解析】備選項中的動詞compare與句子主語.Michael’s new house之間是被動關系,另外本句可以還原成原因狀語從句Michael’s new house is like a huge palace, as it is compared with his old one.成立,故選D。   

9.          to reach them on the phone,we sent an email instead. (08重慶)

A.Fail  B.FailedC.To fail       D.Having failed  

【解析】備選項中的動詞fail與句子主語we 之間是主動關系,另外本句可以還原成原因狀語從句As he had failed to reach them on the phone,we sent an email instead 成立,故選D。

10.                   in the queue for half an hour,the old man suddenly realized he had left the cheque in the car. (08福建) A.Waiting B.To wait C.Having waited D.To have waited

【解析】  逗號前的部分是時間狀語,不定式一般不作時間狀語,首先排除B、D兩項;wait的動作在realize之前,故用分詞的完成式。故選C。  

11.      for the breakdown of the school computer network,Alice was in low spirits. (06福建)

A.Blaming  B.Blamed  C.To blame     D.To be blamed

【解析】blame為及物動詞,后面必須跟賓語,blameAlice是動賓(被動)關系,這里過去分詞作狀語表被動、完成。故選B。

【小試牛刀】請運用上述方法試做下列各題:

1. ______by their English teacher, Xiao qiang began to like English Weekly.  

 A.Influence   B.To Influence  C.Influenced  D.Having been influenced

2.This is an illness that can result in total blindness if _____untreated.

   A. leaving  B. left  C. is left  D. to leave 

3. Contrast(對照) may make something appear more beautiful than it is when_____alone.

   A. seen  B. to be seen  C. is seen  D. having been seen

4.The flowers his friend gave him will die unless_____every day.

   A. watered  B. watering  C. water  D. to water  

5._______at in this way, the present situation about bird flu doesn’t seem so disappointing.

  A. Looking  B. Looked  C. having looked  D. To look 

6.In order not to be found, I’ll spend the night _____in your room.

   A. locking  B. locked  C. to lock  D. lock 

7._______carefully, the mixture was bitter.A. Tasted  B. Tasting C. Taste D. To taste

8._____in a recent science competition, the three  students were awarded scholarships totaling $21,000.   A. To be judged the best  B. Judged  the best 

C. Having judged the best  D. Judging the best

9. It is an illness that can result in death unless ___in time.A. to treat B. treating C. treated D. treat

10.______in a white uniform, he looks more like a cook than a doctor.

   A. Dressed  B. To dress  C. Dressing  D. Having dressed

11. When first_____to the market, the toys didn’t attract much attention.

   A. introducing  B. introduced  C. was introduced   D. being introduced 

12. _____with the size of the whole earth, the biggest ocean does not seem big at all.

   A. Compare  B. When comparing  C. Comparing  D. When compared

13.If ______in front of the map of China, Shaanxi province is very small on it.

   A. seen  B. seeing  C. to see D. having been seeing

14 My brother , who is a middle school student, although____from smoking, has fallen into the bad habit of smoking. A. stopping  B. stopped  C. has stopped  D. to be stopped 

15.While _______to go to school every day , they haven’t worked at lessons there.  

  A. forcing  B. forced  C. to force  D. having forced   

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