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引導時間狀語從句的特殊形式
| 文章來源:網絡 | 文章錄入:隨心飛揚 | 收集整理:嘉興英語教學網 | 更新時間:2013-1-4 |
時間狀語從句通常由after,before,when,while,as,once,till,since,as soon as等從屬連詞引導。此外還有一些特殊的形式引導時間狀語從句。
 
一、immediately,directly,instantly用于as soon as的意義時也可引導時間狀語從句。例:
I recognized her immediately/instantly I saw her.
剛一見面,我就認出了她。
I went home directly I had finished work.
我一干完活就回家了。
The machine will start instantly the button is pressed.
一按電鈕,機器就立即開動起來。
 
二、名詞the moment,the minute,the instant用于as soon as的意義時也可引導時間狀語從句。例:
I want to see her the minute that she arrives.
她一到,我就要見她。
We hadn’t met for 20 years,but I recognized him the moment (that) I saw him.
我們已經二十年沒見了,可是我一見到他就認出他來。
I recognized him the instant (that) I saw him.
我一見到他就認出他來。
 
三、名詞the day,the year,every time,each time,next time,last time等也可用作連詞,引導時間狀語從句。例:
He left Europe the year World War Ⅱ broke out.
第二次世界大戰爆發那一年他離開了歐洲。
The day (on which) he was inducted,he was not feeling well.
被征入伍那天,他身體不大舒服。
Every time he phones I always seem to be in the bath.
每次他來電話時似乎我都在洗澡。
Each time he came to town he would visit our school.
他每次進城都要到我們學??純?。
He looked much worried (the) last time I saw him.
我上次見到他時他滿臉愁容。
The very next time I saw her she was working in London.
我再看到她的時候她正在倫敦工作。
 
四、關聯從屬連詞no sooner...than,hardly/scarcely/barely...when等也能引導時間狀語從句。
如果no sooner,hardly/scarcely/barely位于句首,就要用倒裝語序。例:
He had no sooner/No sooner had he arrived than he was asked to leave again.
他剛到達就又讓他離開。
We had hardly begun/Hardly had we begun our walk when it began to rain.
我們剛剛開始散步就下起雨來了。
She had scarcely entered/Scarcely had she entered the room when the phone rang.
她剛進屋,電話就響了。
He had barely/Barely had he arrived when he had to leave again.
他剛剛到就又得走了。
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