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rather than的用法大全
| 文章來源:網絡 | 文章錄入:隨心飛揚 | 收集整理:嘉興英語教學網 | 更新時間:2013-1-10 |

rather than 可作連詞詞組使用,連接兩個并列成分,表示在兩者中間進行選擇,意為“是 A 而不是 B ”、“要 A 不要 B ”、“寧愿 A 而不愿 B ”等,后面可以接名詞、代詞、形容詞、副詞、動詞和動詞不定式等。

  1. 名詞。例如:
  He is a writer rather than a teacher.
  與其說他是教師,不如說他是作家。
  John,rather than his roommates,is to blame.
  要受責備的是約翰,而不是他的室友們。
  The job will take months rather than weeks.
  完成這項工作需要幾個月,而不是幾個星期。

  2. 代詞。例如:
  You,rather than she,are my guest.
  你是我的客人,而不是她。
  We are to blame rather than they.
  該受責備的是我們,而不是他們。

  3. 形容詞。例如:
  The colour seems green rather than blue.
  這顏色似乎是綠的,而不是藍的。
  It was made shorter rather than longer.
  它被縮短了,而不是加長了。
  These shoes are comfortable rather than pretty.
  這些鞋子與其說漂亮,不如說舒服。

  4. 副詞。例如:
  The ship sank quickly rather than slowly.
  船沉得很快,而不是很慢。
  He usually gets up early rather than late.
  他經常起得早,而不是起得晚。

  5. 動詞。例如:
  She left rather than stayed at home.
  她不是呆在家里,而是走了。
  Rather than cause trouble,he went away.
  他寧可走開而不愿惹麻煩。
  Rather than have the radio repaired,he’d like to buy a new one.
  與其修理那部收音機,他想還不如買一部新的。

  6. 介詞短語。例如:
  I’d prefer to read in the library rather than at home.
  我寧愿在圖書館看書,也不愿在家里看書。
  I’d prefer to do it in this way rather than in that way.
  我喜歡這樣做,而不愿意那樣做。
  He went to the park in the evening rather than in the morning.
  他喜歡晚上去公園,而不喜歡早上去。

  7. 動詞的- ing 形式。例如:
  She likes dancing rather than singing.
  她喜歡跳舞,而不喜歡唱歌。
  It is snowing rather than raining outside.
  外面在下雪,而不是在下雨。
  She is laughing rather than crying.
  她是在笑,而不是在哭。

  8. 過去分詞。例如:
  He had the house rebuilt rather than repaired.
  他寧愿重建房子,而不愿修繕。

  9. 句子。例如:
  We should help him rather than he should help us.
  我們應該幫助他,而不是他應該幫助我們。
  It was what he meant rather than what he said.
  那是指他話中的意思,而不是他所說的話。

一、“other than”的含義
 
1.other than = except, but, apart from “除……以外”
There is nobody here other than me.
這里除了我以外沒有別人。
Someone other than your brother should be appointed
manager. 應當任命一個除了你兄弟之外的人當經理。
2. other than = besides “除……以外,還……”
English is now spoken in many countries other than England.
除英國外,其他許多國家都講英語。
There were three people at the meeting other than Mr Day.
除戴先生以外,還有三個人參加了會議。
3.other than = not, instead of, rather than “不、非、而不是”
I borrowed some books other than novels.
我借了幾本書,都不是小說書。
4.other than = in any other way than “用除此以外別的方式”
You can’t get there other than by swimming.
除了游過去之外,你沒有別的方法到達那兒。

二、“other than”的結構
other than + 名詞/代詞
The presence of elements other than iron greatly affects the
physical properties of steel.
鐵以外的其他元素的存在極大地影響著鋼的性能。
You should get a little stifleness but other than that there
should be no side effects.
你會感到有點發悶,但除此之外不會再有副作用。
other than + 形容詞
She can hardly be other than grateful.
她內心充滿了感激之情。
 I could not feel other than surprised. 我只是感到吃驚。
other than + 副詞
She performed other than perfectly.
她的表演遠非盡善盡美。
(12)I could not do it other than hurriedly.
我只能匆匆忙忙地做了那件事。
other than + 介詞短語
(13)We decided not to stop anywhere other than at his house.
我們決定,除了他的房子以外,任何地方都不停留。
(14)You can’t expect to get a pay rise other than with hard work.
只有努力工作你才能增加工資。
other than + 過去分詞
(15)The problem is other than settled. 問題還沒有解決。
(16)The struggle cannot be other than protracted.
這場斗爭只能是持久的。
other than + 不定式
(17)He reread every page with no other purpose than to pass the time. 他一頁一頁地重讀,不為別的,只為消磨時間。
(18)During the winter the hibernating animal can do nothing other than lie down and sleep. 在冬季,冬眠的動物只能躺下睡覺。
other than + 從句
(19)She is other than I thought. 她和我想象的不一樣。
(20)I don’t wish her other than she is. 我不希望她改變現狀。
(21)I can’t be other than I am. 我只能是我。
(22)The truth is quite other than what you think. 事實真相和你想的不一樣。

三、other than的其他搭配
①nothing other than “只是、僅僅”
(23)They were given nothing other than dry bread and water for their evening meal. 他們只得到了干面包和水作晚餐。
②no other than “正是、恰恰是”
(24)It was no other than my best friend, Mary.
這不是別人,正是我最好的朋友瑪麗。
③ no + 名詞 + other than “正是……”
(25)It was no other person than Mr Smith.
那人正是史密斯先生。
④none other than “不是別人/別的東西,正是……”
(26)It was none other than Tom! We thought he was in Africa.
不是別人而正是湯姆!我們還以為他在非洲呢!

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