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浙江省2018年6月新高考英語試題[含聽力MP3]

浙江省2018年6月高考英語試題

第一部分 聽力(共兩節,滿分30分)
第一節(共5小題;每小題1.5分,滿分7.5分)
聽下面5段對話6每段對話后有一個小題,從題中所給的A、B、C三個選項中選出最佳選項,并標在試卷的相應位置。聽完每段對話后,你都有10秒鐘的時間來回答有關小題和閱讀下一小題。每段對話僅讀一遍。
B1. What will James do tomorrow?
A. Watch a TV program.  B. Give a talk. C. Write a report.
C2. What can we say about the woman?
A. She’s generous.  B. She’s curious. C. She’s helpful.
C3. When does the train leave?
A. At 6:30.  B. At 8:30. C. At 10:30.
B4. How does the woman go to work?
A. By car. B. On foot. C. By bike.
A5. What is the probable relationship between the speakers?
A. Classmates. B. Teacher and student. C. Doctor and patient.
第二節(共15小題;每小題1.5分,滿分22.5分)
聽下面5段對話或獨白。每段對話或獨白后有幾個小題,從題中所給的A、B、C三個選項中選出最佳選項,并標在試卷的相應位置。聽每段對話或獨白前,你將有時間閱讀各個小題. 每小題5秒鐘;聽完后,各小題給出5秒鐘的作答時間。每段對話或獨自讀兩遍。
聽第6段材料,回答第6、7題。
B6. What does the woman regret?
A. Giving up her research. B. Dropping out of college. C. Changing her major.
A7. What is the woman interested in studying now?
A. Ecology. B. Education. C. Chemistry.
聽第7段材料,回答第8、9題。
B8. What is the man?
A. A hotel manager. B. A tour guide. C. A taxi driver.
C9. What is the man doing for the woman?
A. Looking for some local foods.
B. Showing her around the seaside.
C. Offering information about a hotel.
聽第8段材料,回答第10至12題。
C10. Where does the conversation probably take place?
A. In an office. B. At home. C. At a restaurant.
A11. What will the speakers do tomorrow evening?
A. Go to a concert. B. Visit a friend. C. Work extra hours.
B12. Who is Alice going to call?
A. Mike. B. Joan. C. Catherine.
聽第9段材科,回答第13至16題。
A13. Why does the woman meet the man?
A. To look at an apartment. B. To deliver some furniture. C. To have a meal together.
A14. What does the woman like about the carpet?
A. Its color. B. Its design. C. Its quality.
C15. What does the man say about the kitchen?
It’s a good size.  B. It’s newly painted. C. It’s adequately equipped.
B16. What will the woman most probably do next?
A. Go downtown. B. Talk with her friend. C. Make payment.
聽第10段材料,回答第17至20題。
C17. Who is the speaker probably talking to?
A. Movie fans. B. News reporters. C. College students.
B18. When did the speaker take English classes?
A. Before he left his hometown.
B. After he came to America.
C. When he was 15 years old.
C19. How does the speaker feel about his teacher?
A. He’s proud. B. He’s sympathetic. C. He’s grateful.
A20. What does the speaker mainly talk about?
A. How education shaped his life.
B. How his language skills improved.
C. How he managed his business well.

第二部分 閱讀理解(共兩節,滿分35分)
第一節(共10小題;每小題2.5分,滿分25分)
閱讀下列短文,從每題所給的A、B、C和D四個選項中,選出最佳選項. 并在答題紙上將該項涂黑。
A
In 1812, the year Charles Dickens was born, there were 66 novels published in Britain. People had been writing novels for a century—most experts date the first novel to Robinson Crusoe in 1719—but nobody wanted to do it professionally. The steam-powered printing press was still in its early stages; the literacy(識字) rate in England was under 50%. Many works of fiction appeared without the names of the authors, often with something like “By a lady.” Novels, for the most part, were looked upon as silly, immoral or just plain bad.
In 1870, when Dickens died, the world mourned him as its first professional writer and publisher, famous and beloved, who had led an explosion in both the publication of novels and their readership and whose character—from Oliver Twist to Tiny Tim—were held up as moral touchstones. Today Dickens’ greatness is unchallenged. Removing him from the pantheon(名人堂) of English literature would make about as much sense as the Louvre selling of the Mona Lisa.
How did Dickens get to the top? For all the feelings readers attach to stories, literature is a numbers game, and the test of time is extremely difficult to pass. Some 60,000 novels were published during the Victorian age, from 1837 to 1901; today a casual reader might be able to name a half-dozen of them. It’s partly true that Dickens’ style of writing attracted audiences from all walks of life. It’s partly that his writings rode a wave of social, political and scientific progress. But it’s also that he rewrote the culture of literature and put himself at the center. No one will ever know what mix of talent, ambition, energy and luck made Dickens such a distinguished writer. But as the 200th anniversary of his birth approaches, it is possible—and important for our own culture—to understand how he made himself a lasting one.
C21. Which of the following best describes British novels in the 18th century?
A. They were difficult to understand. B. They were popular among the rich.
C. They were seen as nearly worthless. D. They were written mostly by women.
D22. Dickens is compared with the Mona Lisa in the text to stress ____.
A. his reputation in France  B. his interest in modern art
C. his success in publication D. his importance in literature
A23. What is the author’s purpose in writing the text?
A. To remember a great writer. B. To introduce an English novel.
C. To encourage studies on culture. D. To promote values of the Victorian age.
B
Steven Stein likes to follow garbage trucks. His strange habit makes sense when you consider that he’s an environmental scientist who studies how to reduce litter, including things that fall off garbage trucks as they drive down the road. What is even more interesting is that one of Stein’s jobs is defending an industry behind the plastic shopping bag.
Americans use more than 100 billion thin film plastic bags every year. So many end up in tree branches or along highways that a growing number of cities do not allow them at checkouts(收銀臺). The bags are prohibited in some 90 cities in California, including Los Angeles. Eyeing these headwinds, plastic-bag makers are hiring scientists like Stein to make the case that their products are not as bad for the planet as most people assume.
Among the bag makers’ arguments: many cities with bans still allow shoppers to purchase paper bags, which are easily recycled but require more energy to produce and transport. And while plastic bags may be ugly to look at, they represent a small percentage of all garbage on the ground today.
The industry has also taken aim at the product that has appeared as its replacement: reusable shopping bags. The stronger a reusable bag is, the longer its life and the more plastic-bag use it cancels out. However, longer-lasting reusable bags often require more energy to make. One study found that a cotton bag must be used at least 131 times to be better for the planet than plastic.
Environmentalists don’t dispute(質疑) these points. They hope paper bags will be banned someday too and want shoppers to use the same reusable bags for years.
D24. What has Steven Stein been hired to do?
A. Help increase grocery sales.  B. Recycle the waste material.
C. Stop things falling off trucks. D. Argue for the use of plastic bags.
A25. What does the word “headwinds” in paragraph 2 refer to?
A. Bans on plastic bags.   B. Effects of city development.
C. Headaches caused by garbage. D. Plastic bags hung in trees.
D26. What is a disadvantage of reusable bags according to plastic-bag makers?
A. They are quite expensive. B. Replacing them can be difficult.
C. They are less strong than plastic bags. D. Producing them requires more energy.
A27. What is the best title for the test?
A. Plastic, Paper or Neither B. Industry, Pollution and Environment
C. Recycle or Throw Away D. Garbage Collection and Waste Control
C
As cultural symbols go, the American car is quite young. The Model T Ford was built at the Piquette Plant in Michigan a century ago, with the first rolling off the assembly line(裝配線) on September 27, 1908. Only eleven cars were produced the next month. But eventually Henry Ford would build fifteen million of them.
Modern America was born on the road, behind a wheel. The car shaped some of the most lasting aspects of American culture: the roadside diner, the billboard, the motel, even the hamburger. For most of the last century, the car represented what it meant to be American—going forward at high speed to find new worlds. The road novel, the road movie, these are the most typical American ideas, born of abundant petrol, cheap cars and a never-ending interstate highway system, the largest public works project in history.
In 1928 Herbert Hoover imagined an America with “a chicken in every pot and a car in every garage.” Since then, this society has moved onward, never looking back, as the car transformed American from a farm-based society into an industrial power.
The cars that drove the American Dream have helped to create a global ecological disaster. In America the demand for oil has grown by 22 percent since 1990.
The problems of excessive(過度的) energy consumption, climate change and population growth have been described in a book by the American writer Thomas L. Friedman. He fears the worst, but hopes for the best.
Friedman points out that the green economy(經濟) is a chance to keep American strength. “The ability to design, build and export green technologies for producing clean water, clean air and healthy and abundant food is going to be the currency of power in the new century.”
B28. Why is hamburger mentioned in paragraph 2?
A. To explain Americans’ love for travelling by car.
B. To show the influence of cars on American culture.
C. To stress the popularity of fast food with Americans.
D. To praise the effectiveness of American’s road system.
B29. What has the use of cars in America led to?
A. Decline of economy.  B. Environmental problems.
C. A shortage of oil supply. D. A farm-based society.
C30. What is Friedman’s attitude towards America’s future?
A. Ambiguous. B. Doubtful. C. Hopeful. D. Tolerant.
第二節(共5小題;每小題2分,滿分10分)
根據短文內容,從短文后的選項中選出能填人空白處的最佳選項。選項中有兩項為多余選項。
Moving into a new home in a new neighborhood is an exciting experience. Of course, you want to make sure that you become an accepted and valuable part of your new neighborhood. The easiest way to accomplish this is to make sure you conduct yourself as a good neighbor should. (31)__G__
Perhaps one of the most important things you can do as a good neighbor is to keep your property(房產) neat, clean, and in good repair. (32)__F__ By choosing to keep the outside of the home in great shape, you will help to improve the look and feel of the area.
Second, take the overall appearance of the neighborhood seriously. When going for a walk, take along a small garbage bag. (33)__E__ This small act will let your neighbors know that you care about the area.
(34)__B__ If a neighbor is going to be out of town, offer to collect mail and newspapers. If a neighbor suffers an illness, offer to do the grocery shopping. Let them know that you are there to help in any way that is acceptable, while still respecting the privacy of your neighbor.
(35)__C__ By following the basic rules of respecting others, taking care of what belongs to you, and taking pride in the appearance of the neighborhood in general, you will quickly become a good neighbor that everyone appreciates.
A. In general, keep an eye on their property while they are gone.
B. A good neighbor is also one who likes to help out in small ways.
C. Being a good neighbor is more or less about considerate behavior.
D. Sometimes neighbors may go to the supermarket together to do shopping.
E. Should you come across waste paper thrown out of a passing car, pick it up.
F. People tend to take pride in keeping everything in their street fresh and inviting.
G. Here are a few tips to help you win over everyone in the neighborhood quickly.
第三部分 語言運用(共兩節,滿分45分)
第一節 完形填空(共20小題;每小題1.5分,滿分30分)
閱讀下面短文,從短文后各題所給的A、B、C和D四個選項中. 選出可以填入空白處的最佳選項,并在答題紙上將該項涂黑。
We have all heard how time is more valuable than money, but is it (36)____ to have too much time?
I (37) ____ back in high school I spent most of my day at school since I also (38) ____ a team sport. By the time I got home, I only had a few hours to do my homework, and I had to do it (39) ____.
When I got into college, things (40) ____. I suddenly found myself out of class before noon time. Because of all this (41) ____ time, there was no sense of (42) ____ to do my school work immediately. I was performing this action of waiting until it later became a (43) ____. Once that happened, I just kept (44) ____ my studying further and further back in my day. Then I got to the point where I was (45) ____ really late at night to get my work done.
One day I (46) ____ a former classmate of mine who was (47) ____ a lot of money running a sideline(副業). Since his regular job was (48) ____, I asked him why he just didn’t do his sideline full-time. He said without the job, he would (49) ____ have too much time and would just do what I did back in (50) ____. He said that if he (51) ____ the job, he would lose his (52) ____ to work and succeed.
So try (53) ____ your time with other work. This is why there is a (54) ____ that if you want something done, ask a (55) ____ person to do it.
D36. A. true B. fair C. strange D. possible
A37. A. remember B. admit C. understand D. expect
D38. A. watched B. loved C. coached D. played
B39. A. at last B. right away C. of course D. as usual
C40. A. happened C. repeated C. changed D. mattered
A41. A. extra B. difficult C. valuable D. limited
C42. A. duty B. achievement C. urgency D. direction
D43. A. burden B. relief C. risk D. habit
A44. A. pushing B. taking C. setting D. calling
B45. A. hanging out B. staying up C. jogging round D. showing off
A46. A. met B. helped C. treated D. hired
D47. A. raising B. wasting C. demanding D. making
C48. A. safe B. important C. boring d. rewarding
D49. A. luckily B. hardly C. hopefully D. simply
B50. A. childhood B. college C. town D. business
A51. A. quit B. found C. accepted D. kept
C52. A. heart B. chance C. drive D. way
B53. A. saving B. filling up C. giving up D. trading
C54. A. message B. story C. saying D. fact
B55. A. careful B. busy C. reliable D. kind
第二節(共10小題;每小題1.5分,滿分15分)
閱讀下面材料,在空白處填入適當的內容(1個單詞)或括號內單詞的正確形式。
Few people I know seem to have much desire or time to cook. Making Chinese (56)_dishes_(dish) is seen as especially troublesome. Many westerners (57) _who/that_ come to China cook much less than in their own countries once they realize how cheap (58) __it__ can be to eat out. I still remember (59) _visiting_ (visit) a friend who’d lived here for five years and I (60)_was shocked_ (shock) when I learnt she hadn’t cooked once in all that time.
While regularly eating out seems to (61) _have become_(become) common for many young people in recent years, it’s not without a cost. The obvious one is money: eating out once or twice a week may be (62)_affordable_(afford) but doing this most days adds up. There could be an even (63) _higher_(high) cost on your health. Researchers have found that there is a direct link between the increase in food eaten outside the home and the rise in (64) _weight_(weigh) problems.
If you are not going to suffer this problem, then I suggest that the next time you go to your mum’s home (65) __for__ dinner, get a few cooking tips from her. Cooking food can be fun. You might also begin to notice the effects not only on your health but in your pocket.
第四部分 寫作(共兩節,滿分40分)
第一節 應用文寫作(滿分15分)
假定你是李華,你校英語協會招聘志愿者,接待來訪的國外中學生。請你寫信應聘,內容包括:
1. 口語能力;
2. 相差經驗;
3. 應聘目的。
注意:
1. 詞數80左右;
2. 可以適當增加細節,以使行文連貫。
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
第二節 讀后續寫(滿分25分)
閱讀下面短文. 根據所給情節進行續寫,使之構成一個完整的故事。
It was summer, and my dad wanted to treat me to a vacation like never before. He decided to take me on a trip to the Wild West.
We took a plane to Albuquerque, a big city in the state of New Mexico. We reached Albuquerque in the late afternoon. Uncle Paul, my dad’s friend, picked us up from the airport and drove us up to his farm in Pecos.
His wife Tina cooked us a delicious dinner and we got to know his sons Ryan and Kyle. My dad and I spent the night in the guestroom of the farm house listening to the frogs and water rolling down the river nearby. Very early in the morning, Uncle Paul woke us up to have breakfast. “The day starts at dawn on my farm,” he said. After breakfast, I went to help Aunt Tina feed the chickens, while my dad went with Uncle Paul to take the sheep out to graze(吃草). I was impressed to see my dad and Uncle Paul riding horses. They looked really cool.
In the afternoon, I asked Uncle Paul if I could take a horse ride, and he said yes, as long as my dad went with me. I wasn’t going to take a horse ride by myself anyway. So, my dad and I put on our new cowboy hats, got on our horses, and headed slowly towards the mountains. “Don’t be late for supper,” Uncle Paul cried, “and keep to the track so that you don’t get lost!” “OK!” my dad cried back. After a while Uncle Paul and his farm house were out of sight. It was so peaceful and quiet and the colors of the brown rocks, the deep green pine trees, and the late afternoon sun mixed to create a magic scene. It looked like a beautiful woven(編織的) blanket spread out upon the ground just for us.
注意:
1. 所續寫短文的詞數應為150左右;
2. 至少使用5個短文中標有下劃線的關鍵詞語;
3. 續寫部分分為兩段,每段的開頭語已為你寫好;
4. 續寫完成后,請用下劃線標出你所使用的關鍵詞語。
Paragraph 1
Suddenly a little rabbit jumped out in front of my horse. _______________________
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________

Paragraph 2
We had no idea where we were and it got dark. ______________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________

參考答案
聽力:BCCBA  BABCC  ABAAC  BCBCA
閱讀:CDADA  DABBC  GFEBC
完空:DADBC  ACDAB  ADCDB  ACBCB
填空:56. dishes; 57. who/that; 58. it; 59. visiting; 60. was shocked; 61. have become; 62. affordable; 63. higher; 64. weight; 65. for

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