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2018年6月高考英語試題下載-全國卷(I)[含聽力MP3]

2018年普通高等學校招生全國統一考試(全國卷1)
英 語
第一部分聽力 (共兩節,滿分30分
做題時,先將答案標在試卷上。錄音內容結束后,你將有兩分鐘的時間將試卷上的答案轉涂到答題卡上。
第一節(共5小題;每小題1.5分,滿分7.5分)
聽下面5段對話,每段對話后有一個小題,從題中所給的A、B、C三個選項中選出最佳選項。聽完每段對話后,你都有10秒鐘的時間來回答有關小題和閱讀下一小題。每段對話僅讀一遍。
例: How much is the shirt?
A. £19.15.       B. £ 9.18.      C. £ 9.15.
答案是C。

1. What will James do tomorrow?
A. Watch a TV program.     B. Give a talk.      C. Write a report.
2. What can we say about the woman?
A. She’s generous.      B. She’s curious.     C. She’s helpful.
3. When does the train leave?
A. At 6:30.       B. At 8:30.      C. At 10:30
4. How does the woman go to work?
A. By car       B. On foot      C. By bike.
5. What is the probable relationship between the speakers?
A. Classmates.      B. Teacher and student.    C. Doctor and patient.
第二節(共15小題; 每小題1.5分。滿分22.5分)
聽下面5段對話或獨白。每段對話或獨白后有幾個小題,從題中所給的A、B、C三個選項中選出最佳選項。聽每段對話或獨白前,你將有時間閱讀各個小題,每小題5秒鐘,聽完后,各小題將給出5秒鐘的作答時間。每段對話或獨白讀兩遍。
聽第6段材料,回答第6、7題
6. What does the woman regret?
A. Giving up her research.
B. Dropping out of college.
C. Changing her major.
7. What is the woman interested in studying now?
A. Ecology.      B. Education.       C. Chemistry
聽第7段材料,回答第8、9題。
8. What is the mam?
A. A hotel manager.     B. A tour guide.     C. A taxi driver.
9. What is the man doing for the woman?
A. Looking for some local foods.
B. Showing her around the seaside.
   C. Offering information about a hotel.
聽第8段材料,回答第10至12題。
10. Where does the conversation probably take place?
A. In an office.      B. At home.       C. At a restaurant.
11. What will the speakers do tomorrow evening?
A. Go to a concert.     B. Visit a friend.     C. Work extra hours.
12. Who is Alice going to call?
A. Mike.       B. Joan       C. Catherine.
聽第9段材料,回答第13至16題。
13. Why does the woman meet the man?
A. To look at an apartment
B. To deliver some furniture.
C. To have a meal together.
14. What does the woman like about the carpet?
A. Its color.        B. Its design.       C. Its quality.
15. What does the man say about the kitchen?
A. It’s a good size.       B. It’s newly painted.    C. It’s adequately equipped.
16. What will the woman probably do next?
A. Go downtown.     B. Talk with her friend.    C. Make payment.
聽第10段材料,回答第17至20題。
17. Who is the speaker probably talking to?
A. Movie fans.       B. News reporters.      C. College students.
18. When did the speaker take English classes?
A. Before he left his hometown.
B. After he came to America.
C. When he was 15 years old.
19. How does the speaker feel about his teacher?
A. He’s proud.      B. He’s sympathetic.       C. He’s grateful.
20. What does the speaker mainly talk about?
A. How education shaped his life.
B. How his language skills improved.
C. How he managed his business well.

第二部分  閱讀理解 (共兩節,滿分40分)
第一節  (共15小題;每小題2分,滿分30分)
閱讀下列短文,從每題所給的A、B、C和D四個選項中,選出最佳選項,并在答題卡上將該項涂黑。
A
Washington, D.C. Bicycle Tours
Cherry Blossom Bike Tour in Washington, D.C.
Duration: 3 hours
This small group bike tour is a fantastic way to see the world-famous cherry trees with beautiful flowers of Washington, D.C. Your guide will provide a history lesson about the trees and the famous monuments where they blossom. Reserve your spot before availability — and the cherry blossoms — disappear!
Washington Capital Monuments Bicycle Tour
Duration: 3 hours (4 miles)
Join a guided bike tour and view some of the most popular monuments in Washington, D.C. Explore the monuments and memorials on the National Mail as your guide shares unique facts and history at each stop. Guided tour includes bike, helmet, cookies and bottled water.
Capital City Bike Tour in Washington, D.C.
Duration: 3 hours
Morning or Afternoon, this bike tour is the perfect tour for D.C. newcomers and locals looking to experience Washington, D.C. in a healthy way with minimum effort. Knowledgeable guides will entertain you with the most interesting stories about Presidents, Congress, memorials, and parks. Comfortable bikes and a smooth tour route(路線) make cycling between the sites fun and relaxing.
Washington Capital Sites at Night Bicycle Tour
Duration: 3 hours (7 miles)
Join a small group bike tour for an evening of exploration in the heart of Washington, D.C. Get up close to the monuments and memorials as you bike the sites of Capital Hill and the National Mall. Frequent stops are make for photo taking as your guide offers unique facts and history. Tour includes bike, helmet, and bottled water. All riders are equipped with reflective vests and safety lights.
21. Which tour do you need to book in advance?
A. Cherry Blossom Bike Tour in Washington, D.C.
B. Washington Capital Monuments Bicycle Tour.
C. Capital City Bike Tour in Washington, D.C.
D. Washington Capital Sites at Night Bike Tour.
22. What will you do on the Capital City Bike Tour?
A. Meet famous people.     B. Go to a national park.
C. Visit well-known museums.    D. Enjoy interesting stories.
23. Which of the following does the bicycle tour at night provide?
A. City maps.       B. Cameras.
C. Meals.        D. Safety lights.
B
Good Morning Britain’s Susanna Reid is used to grilling guests on the sofa every morning, but she is cooking up a storm in her latest role-showing families how to prepare delicious and nutritious meals on a tight budget.
   In Save Money: Good Food, she visits a different home each week and with the help of chef Matt Tebbutt offers top tips on how to reduce food waste, while preparing recipes for under £5 per family a day. And the Good Morning Britain presenter says she’s been able to put a lot of what she's learnt into practice in her own home, preparing meals for sons, Sam, I4, Finn, 13. and Jack, 11.
   We love Mexican churros, so I buy them on my phone from my local Mexican takeaway restaurant," she explains, “I pay £5 is for a portion(一份), but Matt makes them for 26p a portion, because they are flour, water, sugar and oil. Everybody can buy takeaway food. But sometimes we're not aware how cheaply we can make this food ourselves.”
   The eight-part series (系列節目),Save Money: Good Food, follows in the footsteps of ITV's Save Money: Good Health, which gave viewers advice on how to get value from the vast range of health products on the market.
   With food our biggest weekly household expenses, Susanna and Matt spend time with a different family each week. In tonight’s Faster special, they come to the aid of a family in need of some delicious inspiration on a budget. The team transforms the family’s long weekend of celebration with less expensive but still tasty recipes.
24. What do we know about Susanna Reid?
A. She enjoys embarrassing her guests.   B. She has started a new programme.
C. She dislikes working early in the morning.  D. She has had a tight budget for her family.
25. How does Matt Tebbutt help Susanna? 
A. He buys cooking materials for her.    B. He prepares food for her kids.
C. He assists her in cooking matters.     D. He invites guest families for her.
26. What does the author intend to do in paragraph4?
A. Summarize the previous paragraphs.    B. Provide some advice for the readers.
C. Add some background information.   D. Introduce a new topic for the discussion.
27. What can be a suitable title for the text?
A. Keeping Fit by Eating Smart      B. Balancing Our Daily Diet
C. Making yourself a Perfect Chef     D. Cooking Well for Less
C
Languages have been coming and going for thousands of years, but in recent times there has been less coming and a lot more going. When the world was sill populated by hunter-gatherers , small tightly knit (聯系) groups developed their own patterns of speech independent of each other. Some language experts believe that 10000 years ago, when the world had just five to ten million people, they spoke perhaps 1200 languages between them.
    Soon afterwards, many of those people started settling down to become farmers, and their languages too became more settled and fewer in number. In recent centuries, trade, industrialization, the development of the nation-state and the spread of universal compulsory education, especially globalization and better communications in the past few decades, all have caused many languages to disappear, and dominant languages such as English, Spanish and Chinese are increasingly taking over.
    At present, the world has about 6800 languages. The distribution of these languages is hugely uneven. The general rule is that mild zones have relatively few languages, often spoken by many people, while hot, wet zones have lots, often spoken by small numbers. Europe has only around 200 languages; the Americas about 1000; Africa 2400; and Asia and the Pacific perhaps 3200, of which Papua New Guinea alone accounts for well over 800. The median number (中位數) of speakers is a mere 6000, which means that half the world's languages are spoken by fewer people than that.
   Already well over 400 of the total of 6,800 languages are close to extinction (消亡), with only a few elderly speakers left. Pick, at random, Busum in Cameroon (eight remaining Speaker), Chiapaneco in Mexico (150), Lipan Apache in the United States (two or three) or Wadjigu in Australia (one, with a question-mark) none of these seems to have much chance of survival.
28. What can we infer about languages in hunter-gatherer times?
 A. They developed very fast.     B. They were large in number.
 C. They had similar patterns.     D. They were closely connected.
29. Which of the following best explains “dominant” underlined in paragraph 2?
 A. Complex.        B. Advanced.
 C. Powerful.        D. Modern.
30. How many languages are spoken by less than 6000 people at present?
 A. About 6800        B. About 3400
 C. About 2400        D. About 1200
31. What is the main idea of the text?
 A. New languages will be created.
 B. People’s lifestyles are reflected in fewer languages.
 C. Human development results in fewer languages.
 D. Geography determines language evolution.
D
We may think we’re a culture that gets rid of our worn technology at the first sight of something shiny and new, but a new study shows that we keep using our old devices(裝置)well after they go out of style. That’s bad news for the environment – and our wallets – as these outdated devices consume much more energy than the news ones that do the same things.
 To figure out how much power these devices are using. Callie Babbitt and her colleagues at the Rochester Institute of Technology in New York tracked the environmental costs for each product throughout its life – from when its minerals are mined to when we stop using the device. This method provided a readout for how home energy use has evolved since the early 1990s. Devices were grouped by generation. Desktop computers, basic mobile phones, and box-set TVs defined 1992. Digital cameras arrived on the scene in 1997. And MP3 players, smart phones, and LCD TVs entered homes in 2002, before tablets and e-readers showed up in 2007.
As we accumulated more devices, however, we didn't throw out our old ones. “The living-room television is replaced and gets planted in the kids’ room, and suddenly one day, you have a TV in every room of the house,” said one researcher. The average number of electronic devices rose from four per household in 1992 to 13 in 2007. We’re not just keeping these old devices – we continue to use them. According to the analysis of Babbitt’s team, old desktop monitors and box TVs with cathode ray tubes are the worst devices with their energy consumption and contribution to greenhouse gas emissions(排放)more than doubling during the 1992 to 2007 window.
So what's the solution(解決方案)? The team's date only went up to 2007, but the researchers also explored what would happen if consumers replaced old products with new electronics that serve more than one function, such as a tablet for word processing and TV viewing. They found that more on demand environment viewing on tablets instead of TVs and desktop computers could cut energy consumption by 44%.
 
32. What does the author think of new devices? 
A. They are environment-friendly.                  B. They are no better than the old.
C. They cost more to use at home.     D. They go out of style quickly.
33. Why did Babbitt's team conduct the research? 
   A. To reduce the cost of minerals.      B. To test the life cycle of a product.
   C. To update consumers on new technology.   D. To find out electricity consumption of the devices.
34. Which of the following uses the least energy? 
   A. The box-set TV.         B. The tablet.
   C. The LCD TV.          D. The desktop computer.
35. What does the text suggest people do about old electronic devices?
  A. Stop using them.         B. Take them apart.
C. Upgrade them.        D. Recycle them.

第二節  (共5小題;每小題2分,滿分10分) 
根據短文內容,從短文后的選項中選出能填入空白處的最佳選項。選項中有兩項為多余選項。
 Color is fundamental in home design – something you’ll always have in every room. A grasp of how to manage color in your spaces is one of the first steps to creating rooms you’ll love to live in. Do you want a room that’s full of life? Professional? Or are you just looking for a place to relax after a long day?      36     , color is the key to make a room feel the way you want it to feel.
 Over the years, there have been a number of different techniques to help designers approach this important point.      37     , they can get a little complex. But good news is that there’re really only three kinds of decisions you need to make about color in your home: the small ones, the medium ones, and the large ones.
      38     . They’re the little spots of color like throw pillows, mirrors and baskets that most of us used to add visual interest to our rooms. Less tiring than painting your walls and less expensive than buying a colorful sofa, small color choices bring with them the significant benefit of being easily changeable.
 Medium color choices are generally furniture pieces such as sofa, dinner tables or bookshelves.      39     . They require a bigger commitment than smaller ones, and they have a more powerful effect on the feeling of a space.
 The large color decision in your rooms concern the walls, ceilings, and floors. Whether you’re looking at wallpaper or paint, the time, effort and relative expense put into it are significant.      40     .
A. While all of them are useful
B. Whatever you’re looking for
C. If you’re experimenting with a color
D. Small color choices are the ones we’re most familiar with
E. It’s not really a good idea to use too many small color pieces
F. So it pays to be sure, because you want to get it right the first time
G. Color choices in this range are a step up from the small ones in two major ways

第三部分 語言知識運用 (共兩節,滿分45分)
第一節 完型填空 (共20小題;每小題1.5分,滿分30分)
閱讀下面的短文,從短文后各題所給的A、B、C和D四個選項中,選出可以填入空白處的最佳選項,并在答題卡上將該項涂黑。
    During my second year at the city college, I was told that the education department was offering a “free” course, called Thinking Chess, for three credits. I __41__ the idea of taking the class because, after all, who doesn’t want to ___42___ a few dollars? More than that, I’d always wanted to learn chess. And, even if I weren’t __43__ enough about free credits, news about our__44__was appealing enough to me. He was an international grandmaster, which __45__I wound be learning from one of the game’s __46__. I could hardly wait to __47__him.
Maurice Ashley was kind and smart, a former graduate returning to teach, and this __48__was no game for him: he meant business. In his introduction, he made it __49__that our credits would be hard-earned. In order to __50__ the class, among other criteria, we had to write a paper on how we plan to __51__ what we would learn in class to our future professions and __52__ to our lives. I managed to get an A in that __53__ and learn life lessons that have served me well beyond the __54__ .
    Ten years after my chess class with Ashley, I’m still putting to use what he __55__ me: “The absolute most important __56__ that you learn when you play chess is how to make good __57__. On every single move you have to __58__ a situation, process what your opponent (對手) is doing and __59__ the best move from among all your options.” These words still ring true today in my __60__ as a journalist.

41. A. put forward  B. jumped at   C. tried out   D. turned down 
42. A. waste   B. earn     C. save     D. pay
43. A. excited   B. worried   C. moved    D. tired
44. A. title    B. competitor   C. textbook    D. instructor
45. A. urged   B. demanded    C. held    D. meant
46. A. fastest   B. easiest    C. best    D. rarest
47. A. interview  B. meet    C. challenge   D. beat
48. A. chance   B. qualification   C. honor    D. job
49. A. real    B. perfect    C. clear    D. possible
50. A. attend       B. pass          C. skip          D. observe
51. A. add         B. expose    C. apply          D. compare
52. A. eventually    B. naturally     C. directly    D. normally
53. A. game        B. presentation  C. course       D. experiment    
54. A. criterion  B. classroom     C. department   D. situation
55. A. taught       B. wrote           C. questioned    D. promised
56. A. fact         B. step           C. manner         D. skill
57. A. grades      B. decisions     C. impressions    D. comments
58. A. analyze      B. describe         C. rebuild         D. control
59. A. announce    B. signal          C. block        D. evaluate
60. A. role       B. desire          C. concern     D. behavior

第二節  (共10小題;每小題1.5分,滿分15分)
閱讀下面短文,在空白處填入 1個適當的單詞或括號內單詞的正確形式。
According to a review of evidence in a medical journal, runners live three years    61    (long) than non-runners. You don’t have to run fast or for long    62    (see) the benefit. You may drink, smoke, be overweight and still reduce your risk of    63    (die) early by running.
While running regularly can’t make you live forever, the review says it    64    (be) more effective at lengthening life    65   walking, cycling or swimming. Two of the authors of the review also made a study published in 2014    66  showed a mere five to 10 minutes a day of running reduced the risk of heart disease and early deaths from all    67   (cause).
The best exercise is one that you enjoy and will do. But otherwise … it’s probably running. To avoid knee pain, you can run on soft surfaces, do exercises to    68    (strength) your leg muscles (肌肉), avoid hills and get good running shoes. Running is cheap, easy and it’s always    69    (energy). If you are time poor, you need run for only half the time to get the same benefits as other sports, so perhaps we should all give   70    a try.

第四部分  寫作(共兩節,滿分35分)
第一節  短文改錯(共10小題;每小題l分,滿分10分)
    假定英語課上老師要求同桌之間交換修改作文,請你修改你同桌寫的以下作文。文中共有10處語言錯誤,每句中最多有兩處。每處錯誤僅涉及一個單詞的增加、刪除或修改。
增加:在缺詞處加一個漏字符號(∧),并在其下面寫出該加的詞。
刪除:把多余的詞用斜線(\)劃掉。
修改:在錯的詞下畫一橫線,并在該詞下面寫出修改后的詞。
注意:
1. 每處錯誤及其修改均僅限一詞;
2. 只允許修改10處,多者(從第11處起)不計分。

During my last winter holiday, I went to countryside with my father to visit my grandparents. I find a big change there. The first time I went there, they were living in a small house with dogs, ducks, and another animals. Last winter when I went here again, they had a big separate house to raise dozens of chicken. They also had a small pond which they raised fish. My grandpa said last summer they earned quite a lot by sell the fish. I felt happily that their life had improved. At the end of our trip, I told my father that I planned to return for every two years, but he agreed.

第二節  書面表達 (滿分25分)
假如你是李華,你的新西蘭朋友Terry將去中國朋友家做客,發郵件向你詢問有關習俗,請你回復郵件,內容包括:
1. 到達時間
2. 合適的禮物
3. 餐桌禮儀
注意:1. 詞數100左右
2. 可以適當增加細節,以使行文連貫。

答案和解析(僅供參考)
 1-5 BCCBA  6-10 BABCC  11-15 ABAAC   16-20 BCBCA

21. A
細節理解題。題目問“哪一個騎車游需要提前預定”,根據第一段內容中的“Reserve your spot before availability — and the cherry blossoms — disappear(在有效期和?;ㄏ霸ぴ?”可知應選A。此題難點在于熟悉詞匯(in advance和reserve)。
22. D
細節理解題。題目問“首都騎車游中你能做什么”,根據第三段內容中的“Knowledgeable guides will entertain you with the most interesting stories about Presidents, Congress, memorials, and parks(知識豐富的向導會給你講關于總統、國會、紀念館還有公園的最有趣的故事)”可知應選D選項“聽有趣的故事”。
23. D
細節理解題。題目問“以下哪一個是夜間騎車游提供的”,根據第四段內容中的“All riders are equipped with reflective vests and safety lights(所有騎行者裝備反光背心和安全燈)”可知應選D選項。
24. B.
細節題,出處可定位至第一段her latest role,為各種家庭展示如何用比較少的預算去做既好吃又有營養的飯菜; A選項雖然提到Susanna和guest,但是embarrass偷換了原文的概念,可以排除;C選項無中生有;D選項原文中未提到她自己的家庭預算很緊張。
25. C.
細節題,出處定位至第二段with the help of chef Matt Tebbutt offers top tips on how to reduce food waste, while preparing recipes for under $5 per family a day. 可知Matt在烹飪事物上幫助了Susanna。
26. C.
細節題,出處定位至Save Money: Good Food, follows in the footsteps of ITV's Save Money: Good Health,…可知作者是為讀者介紹了Save Money這個節目是怎么來的,即是背景信息,故選擇C項。
27. D.
主旨題,主旨句一般可定位至文章的第一段,but后的關鍵信息點she is cooking up a storm in her latest role - showing families how to prepare delicious and nutritious meals on a tight budget.可知答案D。
28. B.
細節題。由hunter-gatherer times定位到第一自然段,根據when the world had just five to ten million people, they spoke perhaps 1200 languages between them. 可是當時人少,但是語言很多。
29. C.
猜題題。根據第二段后半部分dominant languages such as English, Spanish and Chinese are increasingly taking over, 列舉的英語、西班牙語、中文等都是使用人數較多等語言,所以選擇powerful。
30. B.
細節題。根據第三段At present, the world has about 6800 languages和The
median number (中位數) of speakers is a were 6000 ,which means that half the world's languages are spoken by fewer people than that. 可知現在有3400種語言被少于6000人說。
31. C.
主旨題,根據Languages have been coming and going for thousands of years, but in recent times there has been less coming and a lot more going .可知增加的語言少消失的語言多,且本文按照時間順序寫作,講了隨著人類發展,很多語言消失。所以選擇C。
32. A
根據第一段最后一句“That’s bad news for the environment – and our wallets – as these outdated devices consume much more energy than the news ones that do the same things.”可知,做同樣的事,舊的過時的裝置比新裝置消耗更多能源,對環境有害。通過對比可知,新裝置對環境有益,所以選A。B、C不對,D沒提到。
33. D
根據第二段第一句“To figure out how much power these devices are using.”可知,Babbitt 團隊組織這個研究是為了弄清這些裝置使用多少能源,所以選D。當題干中出現why時,在原文中找to或because。
34. B
根據第二段“This method provided a readout for how home energy use has evolved since the early 1990s…before tablets and e-readers showed up in 2007.”可知,tablet便簽是最新出現的,又因為第一段最后一句“That’s bad news for the environment – and our wallets – as these outdated devices consume much more energy than the news ones that do the same things.”可知,新裝置比舊裝置消耗能源少,所以tablet消耗最少的能源,選B
35. A
根據最后一段 “consumers replaced old products with new electronics” 可知,文章建議人們用新裝置代替舊裝置,所以選A,停止使用舊裝置。
36. B 上文中提到“你是否在尋找你意中的房間”并給出了幾種選擇。B選項承接了上句的問題,“無論你在尋找什么”并且引出了下句的答案“顏色是重要因素”。
37. A 選項中的them 指代上文中的 different techniques 和下文中的they 指代內容相同。
38. D 上一段末尾提到要介紹三種顏色選擇,本段詳細介紹第一種small color choice.
39. G 本段主要內容是medium color choice, 前半句承接上文中medium是small的升級,后半句引出下文的兩種方式。
40. F 上文中提到時間、努力和相應的費用付出是巨大的,迎合F選項中so it pays to be sure.
41. B. 考察動詞詞組。后文中說因為畢竟,誰不想省個幾塊錢呢,說明作者想要參加這次課程,jump at 表示想要積極參加,所以選擇B。
A. 提出  B. 急切地想要接受   C. 嘗試  D. 調??;婉拒
42. C. 考察前后文聯系。前文說offering a free course,提供免費課程,所以相應選擇省幾塊錢。
A. 浪費  B. 賺    C. 節省    D. 支付
43. A. 考察前后文聯系。后文說老師的事情非常吸引我,也就是說前文需要雖然我對于學分不感興趣。
A.興奮的  B. 擔心的  C. 感動的   D. 累的
44. D. 考察前后文聯系。后文說他是一個國際大師,所以是指導老師非常吸引他。
A.標題   B. 競爭者   C. 課本    D. 指導者
45. D. 考察動詞和賓語從句的搭配。前文說老師很厲害,所以這意味著我會跟本領域最厲害的人學習。
A.督促   B. 要求    C. 保持    D. 意味著
46. C. 考察形容詞做名詞使用。The + 形容詞表示一類人,在這里表示我會跟著領域最厲害的人學習,the best 表示一類。
A.最快的人  B. 最簡單的人   C. 最好的人   D. 最罕見的人
47. B. 考察前后文聯系。前文說老師很厲害,所以他迫不及待想見到他。
A.面試   B. 見到    C. 挑戰    D. 打敗
48. D. 考察前后文聯系。前文說這是要上這門課的老師,所以對于他來說,這是一份工作,而且這份工作對于他不是開玩笑。
A. 機會   B. 資質   C. 榮譽    D. 工作
49. C. 考察make的動詞搭配,make sth adj.讓某事怎么樣,it是形式賓語,指的是后文我們的績點很難拿到,表示他說的很清楚我們的績點很難拿到。
A. 真正的  B. 完美的  C. 清楚的   D. 可能的
50. B. 考察動詞詞組。文中說為了通過這門課,所以選擇B。
A. 參加  B. 通過   C. 跳過  D. 觀察
51. C. 考察上下文。后文中說把我們在課上所學的應用到我們將來的職業中,所以選擇C。
A. 添加 B. 暴露  C. 應用,申請  D. 比較
52. A 考察上下文。根據上文and之前應用到職業中進而最終應用到我們的生活中國,所以選擇A。
A. 最終地  B. 自然地  C. 直接地  D. 正常地
53. C. 名詞復現。在那個課上,指上文的圍棋課。所以選擇C。
A. 游戲  B. 陳述,表演   C. 課程  D. 實驗
54. B. 上下文。文中說在課上學的人生哲學能夠在課堂外很好的服務我,所以選擇B。
A. 標準  B. 教室  C. 部門  D. 情況形勢
55. A. 考察動詞詞組。前文中說我仍然在使用老師教給我的,所以選擇A。
A. 教  B. 寫  C. 質疑 D. 承若,保證
56. D. 考察上下文,文中說當你下棋時最重要的技能是學會如何做好決定,所以選擇D。
A. 事實 B. 步驟  C. 方式  D. 技能
57. B. 考察動詞詞組。文中說當你下棋時最重要的技能是學會如何做好決定,所以選擇B。
A. 年級  B. 決定   C. 印象  D. 評論
58. A. 考察動詞詞組。文中說每一次移動,你不得不分析形勢和情況,所以選擇A。
A. 分析  B. 描述   C. 重建  D. 控制
59. D. 考察動詞詞組。文中說每一次移動,你不得不分析形勢,你的對手正在做的過程步驟,并且從你的選擇匯總評估最好的移動。所以選擇D。
A. 宣布  B. 發信號   C. 阻塞  D. 評估
60. A. 考察名詞。文中這些話在我作為記者這個角色的工作中仍然聽上去是真的,所以選擇A。
A. 角色 B. 渴望   C. 關心  D. 行為
61. longer  
由than可知此處需要填寫形容詞比較級
62. to see  
非謂語動詞, don’t have to 充當謂語,see作非謂語表目的
63. dying  
of介詞后跟名詞作賓語
64. is     
謂語,一般現在時態
65. than   
根據上文more effective …than…
66. that/which
定語從句修飾上文中的study
67. causes  
名詞變復數
68. strengthen
動詞不定式,to do, strength變動詞
69. energetic
主系表結構,形容詞作表語
70. it      
指代上一句you need run…
改錯解析:
1. countryside農村,此處應是特指祖父母所在的農村,加the。
2. 故事敘述的是去年寒假的事,應該用一般過去時,將find改為found。
3. another是“三者或三者以上的另一個”,而other是“其他的”,因為后面animals是可數名詞的復數形式,所以應該將anther改為other。
4. 根據上下文翻譯,應為“那里”,而且前文有提及,所以將here變為there。
5. “dozens of”是“許多,幾十”之意,后面應該用chicken的復數形式。
6. 考察定語從句,如果沒有which,從句中不缺成分或者說缺狀語,所以應該選用關系副詞,而先行詞為pond池塘,所以應該將which改為where。如果保留which,因從句缺狀語,所以應補充in。
7. by為介詞,介詞后應用doing形式。
8. feel為系動詞,后面不用副詞用形容詞即可。
9. every two years表示每隔兩年,該時間狀語前不加介詞。
10. 通過翻譯原文可知,應該是遞進或順承,不是轉折關系。所以將but改為and。

寫作例文
Dear Terry,

How are you doing? Learning that you are about to pay a visit to a Chinese friend and confused about the Chinese customs, I am writing to put forward some advice.
To begin with, I would like to suggest that you arrive 5 to 10 minutes earlier, which is common in Chinese traditional culture. In addition, if I were you, I would bring some appropriate gifts with me, such as souvenirs from my own country. Besides, table manners are also what you should pay attention to. For example, you are not supposed to stick your chopsticks into your food. Instead, laying them on your dish is a smart choice.
If you have any other problems, please don’t hesitate to contact me. May you have a wonderful day with your friend.
Yours
Li Hua

 

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