杭州二中2015學年第二學期高一年級期中考英語試卷 2016. 4
第一部分： 聽力 (共兩節，滿分15分)
1. What does the man advise the woman to do?
A. Collect her books. B. Throw out her books. C. Give away her books.
2. When does the woman want to go to the museum?
A. Right after breakfast. B. After her mother leaves. C. Before she goes shopping.
3. What does the man actually think of Twitter?
A. Incorrect. B. Modern. C. Out-of-date.
4. What is the woman trying to do?
A. Create a game. B. Send an email. C. Strengthen her memory.
5. What are the speakers talking about?
A. A photo. B. The man’s brother. C. The woman’s hair.
6. Who is the man waiting for?
A. His girlfriend. B. His sister. C. His wife.
7. Where does this conversation most likely take place?
A. At a concert. B. At a cinema. C. At a railway station.
8. Why did the woman call the man?
A. To cancel a booking. B. To make a reservation. C. To change her trip.
9. When is the woman likely to be free?
A. In February. B. In March. C. In half a year.
10. Why is the woman moving?
A. To save money. B. To build a career. C. To escape cold weather.
11. What happened to the clubs in San Francisco?
A. They were burned down. B. They were pulled down. C. They were turned into restaurants.
12. What is the woman’s dream?
A. Becoming famous. B. Getting married. C. Attending performances.
13. What attracts most tourists to Mexico City?
A. Delicious food. B. Various activities. C. Colorful nightlife.
14. Why does the speaker mainly suggest walking around?
A. To do shopping. B. To kill time. C. To talk with people.
15. What is the purpose of this talk?
A. To inform students of the city. B. To encourage people to visit. C. To introduce a different culture.
16. Scientists have found that heavy drinking can cause _______ brain damage in teenagers, which may never recover.
A. permanent B. addicted C. obvious D. diverse
17. State leaders joined the discussions with the country’s political advisors yesterday, calling for efforts to _______ the global financial crisis (?；?.
A. try out for B. stick with C. blow away D. pull through
18. China can _______ a global role in improving public health by sharing some of its vaccines (疫苗) with other developing countries.
A. take effect B. fix up C. take on D. pile up
19. Vice-Premier Li Keqiang said that more effort should be made to save land and _______ in order to reduce consumption (消耗) and improve the efficiency (效益) of the economy.
A. conflicts B. resources C. agencies D. expenses
20. A man named Daredevil Nik Wallenda _______ his lifelong dream and became the first person to walk across Niagara Falls on a high wire.
A. possessed B. contributed C. fulfilled D. charged
21. Carrying a plastic shopping bag is quite normal in China, but in Rwanda it’s illegal. Such an act will _______.
A. get along well with it B. get you in hot water
C. get the hang of it D. get you across the river
22. Could you please make a move? You’re throwing a _______ on my book so I can’t see the words clearly.
A. block B. bond C. title D. shadow
23. Signs of “Bus Only, 7:00-9:00, 16:30-18:30” are painted in white to prevent vehicles from using the bus _______ during rush hours every day.
A. lanes B. pavement C. system D. station
24. The International Olympic Committee (IOC) once expressed concern over Rio’s ability to build all the necessary _______ for the 2016 Summer Olympics in time.
A. appliances B. facilities C. tools D. devices
25. The director was facing a lot of doubts. In _______, he simply posted on weibo calling on people to concern more about his movies.
A. practice B. response C. turn D. theory
Etymology, the study of words and word roots, may sound like the kind of thing done by boring librarians in small, dusty rooms. Yet etymologists actually have a uniquely interesting job. They are in many ways just like archaeologists (考古學家) digging up the physical history of people and events. The special aspect of etymology is that it digs up history, so to speak, through the words and phrases that are left behind.
The English language, in particular, is a great field to explore history through words. As a language, English has an extraordinary number of words. This is partly due to its ability to adapt foreign words so readily. For example, “English” words such as kindergarten (from German), croissant (from French), and cheetah (from Hindi) have become part of the language with little or no change from their original sounds and spellings. So English-language etymologists have a vast world of words to explore.
Another enjoyable thing about etymology for most word experts is solving word mysteries (謎). No, etymologists do not go around solving murders, like the great detective Sherlock Holmes. What these word experts solve are mysterious origins of some of our most common words.
One of the biggest questions English language experts have pursued is how English came to have the phrase OK. Though it is one of the most commonly used expressions, its exact beginning is a puzzle even to this day. Even its spelling is not entirely consistent-- unless you spell it Okay, it is hard even to call it a word.
Etymologists have been able to narrow OK’s origin down to a likely, although not certain, source (來源). It became widely used around the time of Martin Van Buren’s run for president in 1840. His nickname was Old Kinderhook. What troubles word experts about this explanation is that the phrase appeared in some newspapers before Van Buren became well known. It is likely that Van Buren could be called its primary source. Etymologists will doubtlessly keep searching for the original source. However, it is clear that OK’s popularity and reputation have topped those of the American president to whom it has been most clearly linked.
41. The author mentions the words like “croissant” in Paragraph 2 to show _______.
A. words have changed a lot in the two languages
B. what English-language etymologists are exploring now
C. English has absorbed many words from other foreign languages
D. the English vocabulary is difficult to the non-English-speaking people
42. The underlined word “pursued” in Paragraph 4 means _______.
A. looked upon B. dug up C. put in D. set down
43. We can learn from the passage that etymologists _______.
A. discover the possible origin of words
B. help detectives to solve mysterious murders
C. write interesting stories for some newspapers
D. explore the English language as well as the recent events
44. What most probably is the major purpose of the passage?
A. To present the history of English words.
B. To explain what an etymologist does for his job.
C. To introduce the pleasure of the study of words and word roots.
D. To teach readers how to tell English words from non-English words.
You might notice something new in the next few years as you watch Disney programs: Starting in 2015, there won’t be any candy, sugary cereal or fast-food commercials (廣告) aimed at kids.
The Walt Disney Company has become the first major media company to ban ads for junk food on its TV channels, radio stations and websites. It hopes this will stop kids from making poor food choices. First Lady Michelle Obama called it a “game changer” that is sure to send a message to the rest of the children’s entertainment industry. “Just a few years ago, if you had told me or any other mom or dad in America that our kids wouldn’t see a single ad for junk food while they watched their favorite cartoons on a major TV network, we wouldn’t have believed you, ” said the First Lady, who heads a campaign to help stop child obesity (肥胖).
The ban would apply to Disney-owned ABC stations as well as Radio Disney and Disney-owned websites aimed at families with young children. In addition, Disney plans to make changes to its kids’ menus at theme parks and resorts (度假勝地). Fast-food options will be replaced with healthier choices, such as smoothies (果汁), apples, vegetables and yogurt.
In addition to candy bars and fast-food meals, other foods that don’t meet Disney’s nutritional standards will be banned from the company’s kid-targeted media. Any cereal with 10 grams or more of sugar per serving will be off the air. There will be no ads for full meals of more than 600 calories. Juices with high levels of sugar and foods with too much salt will also be pulled.
Leslie Goodman, Disney’s senior vice-president of Corporate Citizenship, said a company that wants to advertise will need to show that it offers a range of healthy options.
Disney isn’t the only one pushing away unhealthy foods. Last week, New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg suggested a ban on drinks over 16 ounces sold in movie theaters, restaurants and convenience stores in the Big Apple. He says large, sugary drinks are partly to blame for obesity.
45. What will the Walt Disney Company do from 2015?
A. Produce more and better cartoons for young kids.
B. Help kids develop healthy lifestyle in the program.
C. Stop broadcasting advertisements for junk food on TV.
D. Provide healthier food for kids while they are watching programs.
46. What Michelle Obama said suggests that while watching cartoons, _______.
A. kids didn’t believe what the commercials said
B. kids enjoy eating candy, sugary cereal or junk food
C. kids find pleasure in watching fast-food commercials
D. kids were to see a lot of fast-food commercials on TV
47. According to Michael Bloomberg, to fight child obesity, kids should _______.
A. watch fewer cartoons B. drink less sugary drinks
C. not go to movie theaters D. take more physical exercise
One morning, I stepped out of bed and put my feet on the floor. Suddenly, a mean little man jumped out from under the bed and stabbed (刺，扎) an ice pick (碎冰錐) through my left foot.
Figuratively (比喻地) speaking, yes.
I took another step and he stabbed it again. This went on all day. Step, stab, scream. Over the next few days, I started limping (跛行). My whole body hurt. Even my hair. I kept thinking that the little man would get tired of stabbing me and go pick on somebody else. We often take things for granted until we lose them or they start to hurt.
My brother deals with pain every day. He’s also blind and suffers from cerebral palsy (腦癱), needs a walker to walk, doesn’t take much for granted. I had to wonder: What would he think about my foot?
Finally, after a week of pain, I went to see a very nice foot doctor. The doctor studied my foot, took X-rays, shook his head, and said the little man’s name: Arthur Itis, or Arthritis (關節炎).
I knew it well. I’d often heard it hissed angrily by my grandparents and parents, all attacked by Arthur’s ice pick when they got older.
“Wait,” I said. “Doesn’t Arthur usually just pick on old people?”
The doctor smiled, looking at my chart. “How old are you?”
I gave him a look. “Never mind,” I said. “Can you fix it?”
“Well,” he said, “we can try.”
He listed several options and I chose the injection (打針). It didn’t hurt much. Not half as much as the ice pick.
That was yesterday. This morning, I awoke, took a few careful steps and … hallelujah! It hurt just a bit, but no ice pick. I looked under the bed. No sign of Arthur. Maybe he was hiding in the closet, waiting for another day. But for now, he was gone, and I was grateful. My mind began to race with plans to do all the things I’d been putting off for days: unpack, clean the house, wash my hair …
Then it hit me. Another stab. Not in my foot. In my heart. I remembered that I hadn’t called my brother in a long time.
It’s easy to take some things for granted. But it should never be the people we love.
48. Why didn’t the author go to see the doctor for the first week?
A. Because she was afraid that her brother would laugh at her.
B. Because she thought it was too cold to step out of her room.
C. Because she expected that the pain would gradually disappear.
D. Because she believed that she could endure the pain like her brother did.
49. Who had a disease that was different from the other people mentioned?
A. The author. B. The author’s brother. C. The author’s parents. D. The author’s grandparents.
50. After having the injection, the author’s _______.
A. felt regretful because it hurt so much
B. was first satisfied with her recovery
C. felt better but could still feel the “ice pick” pain
D. was busy with housework that had been delayed for days
51. From her experience of arthritis, the author learned that _______.
A. a stabbing pain in the heart is as painful as one in the foot
B. people who help us relieve pain should be thanked properly
C. we should always remember to show our love to those we love
D. we should never take for granted the pain we experience in life
A. It gives us identity as a society.
B. Science can explain how the sun rises and sets.
C. They are ways we human beings “talk” to each other.
D. Science and technology do not tell us what it means to be human.
E. In fact, music education is beneficial and important for all students.
F. So music education is far more necessary than people seem to realize.
Welcome to our school! I’m honored to give you a brief introduction about the optional courses for Grade 1students in our school. _______________________________________________________________________
Now, please follow me into my classroom.
1-5 CBCCA 6-10 CBACB 11-15 BABAB
16-20 ADCBC 21-25 BDABB
26-30 CBADD 31-35 ABCDA 36-40 BCACD
41-44 CBAC 45-47 CDB 48-51 CBBC 52-55 EABF
56. realize 57. Even 58. of 59. have been played /were played 60. stopping 61. exactly 62. had invented 63. audience/ listeners/viewers
64. Showing 65. how
66. exhausted 67. lay 68. manners 69. existence 70. discount
71. admiration 72. relied 73. ancestors 74. attaches
75. settled into 76. was to be fundamental 77. years to come
78. unnatural sizes 79. keep track of 80. need not have felt
One possible version:
Welcome to our school! I’m honored to give you a brief introduction about the optional courses for Grade 1students in our school. In total, there are 50 optional courses for us to choose from, including Advanced science, Music Appreciation, Western Art, etc. Every term, each student can select two courses after applying online first. Every Monday and Tuesday afternoon, we will go to different classrooms to attend the optional courses. The course that I’m going to take today is my favorite, Music Appreciation, which provides us with 90 minutes of enjoyment. Thanks to the optional courses, we have the opportunities to learn what we are really interested in outside the regular classes. (90 words)
Now, please follow me into my classroom.